Background of Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked South Asian country of 147,141 square kilometers located between China and Himalayan ranges in the north, and India and the plains of the river Ganges in the south with enormous natural beauties. The country contains 8 of the world's 10 highest peaks with 85 percent of the country being mountainous. The country is organized into 7 development regions consisting of 14 zones with 75 districts. Nepal is the only official Hindu country in the world with more than 90 percent of its population following the Hindu religion. 

The modern history of Nepal can be traced to the eighteenth century when the Gurkha Shah family assumed power and established its capital in Kathmandu. 

The Rana-British autocracy ended in 1951, when Maharaja Mohan Shamsher Rana was removed from power and the Nepali Congress Party (NCP) formed a government headed by Matrika Prasad Koirala. However, the political parties, in the 1950s, were not very effective, and King Mahendra, crowned in 1955, seized complete control of the government in 1960. He declared a new constitution in 1962 that banned political parties and allowed monarchy through a nonparty system of panchayats (village councils). In the 1970s, after Mahindra’s death, his son, Birendra Bir Bikram, became the king who initially continued with repression of the democratic movement. However, he finally gave way, which led to the 1980 referendum and then the new constitution with the adoption of the multiparty system in 1990. 

Nepal is governed according to the Constitution which came into effect on Sept 20, 2015, replacing the Interim Constitution of 2007. After the declaration of Republic on 28 May 2016, there exist a stable political condition and peace in the country which as a large scope of tourism business in Nepal. The government of Nepal has planned to welcome more than 2,000,000 (Two Million) tourist in the coming year by 2020.